The breeding range stretches from central eastern Europe to the Baikal Lake in Asia. From Estonia in the north and the northern shores of the Black Sea in the south the red-footed falcon inhabits low altitude open areas. Hungary was considered the western edge of the breeding range but in the past few years the species started breeding in Italy and occasional breeding was recorded in France.

Long distant migrant, to our new knowledge the wintering grounds are in southern Africa, from the northern parts of South Africa, Namibia, Botswana Zambia, Zimbabwe to the lowlands of Angola.